The screen of a smartphone acts as an interface between the device and a user. It is one of the most essential and delicate components of a phone/tablet / PC / laptop. We interact with our device through a screen, we give commands, we receive outputs through a surface, in short, smartphones are nothing without a screen! These smartphones have different types of screens, each with its own set of advantages and disadvantages. All additional functions, such as color contrast, contrast ratio, readability of sunlight and brightness, depend on the type of screen a smartphone has. Nowadays, smart phones are becoming all screens and the iPhone X is a successful example of that. There is a greater demand for large-screen phones with a size equal to or greater than 6 inches.
Here are the most common types of screens with their pros and cons. Read through to the end to learn more about the type of screen your smartphone presents:
TFT is the most used surface in economical phones. TFT LCD offers images of good quality and higher resolution. TFT has narrow viewing angles that do not offer HD view when viewed from the edges or under sunlight. It offers the best view and high definition colors when viewed from the front. TFTs are now gone and the next smartphone models do not include it.
IPS LCD are considered the best among all! They consume less energy compared to TFT and offer a better view even if viewed from the edges of the screen. The IPS screen is available in high-end smartphone models. IPS LCD screens are readable in sunlight and have wider viewing angles. The screen consumes less energy and emits real colors. The screen is backed by a backlight that consumes less battery than the TFT surface, but the battery consumption is much more compared to OLED displays.
A capacitive screen presents a glass and a conductor. Respond to the touch with your fingers and does not respond if handled with a stylus or gloved hands. The screen offers a great view and colors for the user. These types of screens are no longer used by manufacturers.
OLED displays produce better colors, offer wider viewing angles, impressive color contrast and have a faster response time compared to an LCD screen. An OLED screen is thin, light and does not require backlighting to illuminate the screen and, therefore, consume less energy. The OLED screen is on the expensive side of the range scale.
The high brightness, the low power consumption, the thin frame and the light screen are some of the highlights of these screens. These screens are available in high-end smartphones, since they are more expensive than the LCD surface. The screen produces pleasant colors that are true to life.
Samsung used the term for marketing purposes with some improvements. It has the thinnest display screen, its light weight and produces a great contrast of colors and real colors.
The Retina display is not a different technology, it is another name for IPS LCD with LED backlighting. The term was used by Apple as a promotional tool.
The smartphone market is growing every day and the current focus is not on the specifications of the phone, but has changed to the look and the screen! The demand for large-screen phones has increased in the recent past. This increase has led to the appearance of various mobile screens such as LCD, OLED, AMOLED, Super AMOLED and more.